Delay in diagnosis of brain conditions | Bolt Burdon Kemp Delay in diagnosis of brain conditions | Bolt Burdon Kemp

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Brain Injury

Delay in diagnosis of brain conditions

Our solicitors specialise in representing children and adults who have suffered a brain injury due to a delay in diagnosis of conditions affecting the brain.

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The brain is the most complex organ in the body, and is responsible for producing our every memory, emotion, thought and action. When something goes wrong in the brain, the effects can be devastating, not just for the injured person, but also for their family and friends.

All too often, injuries occur to the brain which could have been prevented. We commonly see cases where there has been a delay in diagnosis of a brain condition, such as encephalitis, stroke or meningitis.


Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain. It is often caused when viruses travel to the brain and infect it, or when the body’s own immune system attacks the brain.

Common symptoms of encephalitis include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Aching muscles and joints
  • Drowsiness
  • Confusion
  • Changes in personality and behavior
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Weakness or loss of sensation in some parts of the body
  • Seizures
  • Hallucinations
  • Vision problems or involuntary eye movements
  • Loss of consciousness


Stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off, causing injury to the brain.

Red flag symptoms of stroke include:

  • Fatigue
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Numbness or weakness in the limbs (especially on one side of the body)
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Difficulty speaking or slurred speech
  • Loss of vision or blurred eyesight in one or both eyes
  • Loss of balance or coordination
  • Sudden severe headache with no known cause


Meningitis is inflammation of the protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. The inflammation is usually caused by infection with viruses or bacteria.

Common symptoms of meningitis include:

Young children do not always show these signs. They often exhibit only non-specific symptoms, such as drowsiness, irritability or poor feeding.

Brain conditions and medical negligence

Regardless of the brain condition, it is vital that it is diagnosed and treated at the earliest opportunity if permanent damage is to be minimised.

You may have a legal claim for compensation if you have suffered any of the following situations:

  • A medical professional (e.g. GP, hospital staff) fails to suspect a brain condition, despite noting the red flag symptoms – leading to a delay in diagnosis;
  • A medical professional misdiagnoses your condition, leading to a delay in diagnosis;
  • A medical professional correctly diagnoses your condition, but fails to provide the appropriate treatment – allowing the condition to worsen.

Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are crucial to giving patients who have suffered a brain condition the best chance to make a good recovery. If any of these conditions are left untreated, the consequences can be irreparable.

How we can help

At Bolt Burdon Kemp, we have vast experience dealing with these types of claims. Our specialist brain injury solicitors know what to look for when making a claim relating to a delay in diagnosis of encephalitis, stroke or meningitis. We will fight to obtain the compensation you deserve so that you and your family can have some security for the future.

We recognise that early . Where a Defendant has accepted responsibility for causing a brain injury, we focus on seeking interim payments of compensation. These payments, which are made before the claim is settled, can be used to pay for treatment, therapies, care, equipment or adaptations to your home.

We also have close links with treatment and rehabilitation providers, case managers and organisations who can offer support to you and your family.

Meet our Brain Injury Team

Deepti Patel
Senior Solicitor – Part of the Brain Injury Team
Tamsin Day
Associate – Part of the Child Brain Injury Team
Hokman Wong
Senior Solicitor – Part of the Brain Injury Team
Meet the full team

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